Inventory of Ancient Associations Database (CAPinv)

The main aim of the Inventory of Ancient Associations is to document the private associations of the Classical, Hellenistic, and Roman worlds (ca. 500 BC to ca. AD 300) in an analytical and critical manner. The purpose is to stimulate research, debate, and discussion on this fast–evolving scholarly subject, not to provide definite answers or strait jackets to it. For this reason, an online database—rather than a soon out–dated printed publication—represented the best tool for the task: updates and global searches are the main advantages of the Inventory.

The geographical area covered extends from the Central Mediterranean to the Near East. The Inventory collects and records in a standardized manner, following a specific set of analytical criteria, all known attestations of private associations from this area and these periods, including languages other than Greek (e.g. Demotic Egyptian and Aramaic). The Inventory is a database of private associations, not of texts.

The electronic database is fully accessible and will continue to be regularly updated: it should be constantly considered a 'work in progress'.

Editorial board

The editorial board of the Inventory was formed by the main members of the Copenhagen Associations Project: Vincent Gabrielsen (Project Director), Jan-Mathieu Carbon, Annelies Cazemier, Mario C. D. Paganini, and Stella Skaltsa. Several international collaborators generously contributed to the compilation of the Inventory.


We should like to express our warmest thanks to the team of international collaborators, who have worked extensively to the Inventory: Claudia Antonetti & Damiana Baldassarra (for Aetolia, Acarnania, and the Ionian Islands), Ilias Arnaoutoglou (for Attica with Salamis), Alexandru Avram (for costal Black Sea), Aitor Blanco Perez (for Pisidia), Loredana Cappelletti & Jessica Piccinini (for continental southern Italy), François Chevrollier (for Libya with Cyrenaica), Takashi Fujii (for Cyprus), Francesco Guizzi (for Crete), Benedikt Eckhardt (for Phrygia, southern Ionia, Palaestina, Phoenicia, Syria, and Arabia), Nikolaos Giannakopoulos (for Bythinia & Pontus), Cassandre Hartenstein (for Egypt, sources in Demotic Egyptian), Maria Paz de Hoz (for Lydia), Sofia Kravaritou (for Thessaly), Ursula Kunnert (for Cappadocia & Cilicia), Georgia Malouchou (for Chios), Fabienne Marchand (for Boeotia), Alessia Dimartino (for Syracuse), Maria-Gabriella Parissaki (for Thrace), Paschalis Paschidis (for Epirus & Macedonia), Jonathan Prag (for Sicily), Thom Russell (for Byzantium), Matt Gibbs & Philip F. Venticinque (for Egypt, Roman period), Andreas Victor Walser (for Galatia, Lycaonia, and southern Ionia), Georgios Zachos (for Locris & Phocis), Sophia Zoumbaki (for the Peloponnese).

We also wish to thank Bram Fauconnier for his assistance with athletic associations.

The database and its interface to the website were developed and designed by Kang Li and by Giacomo Neri, under supervision by Mario C. D. Paganini.


The project was generously funded by the Carlsberg Foundation.

Project period: 2011-2016

PI: Vincent Gabrielsen